1981 Volvo DL, GL and GLT
0° F (-20° C), multigrade oil SAE 5W-20 or SAE 5W-20 is recommended. These oils reach the
lubricating points in the engine more easily at low temperature and also facilitate cold starting. See
section titled "Engine Oil".
The electrical system is subject to great stresses during the winter. Lighting and starter motor are used
more often. The battery capacity is impaired at low air temperature. The state of charge must be checked
more frequently, and if necessary the battery should be recharged. The battery may freeze if the state of
charge is low.
During cold weather the brakes are subject to splash and condensation which can result in the parking
brake freezing up, especially if applied for long periods of time. Use of first or reverse gear on a manual
transmission or position "P" on an automatic transmission is preferable during these conditions. See
section titled "Brake System".
Anti-freeze should also be added to the water container for the windshield and rear window (tailgate,
wagon model) washer.
This is particularly important during the winter because the windshield frequently becomes dirty and is
often splashed with water which rapidly freezes. This may necessitate the frequent use of the windshield
washer and wipers. Your Volvo dealer can supply you with suitable anti-freeze for this purpose.
Anti-freeze for door locks
Lubricate the outside locks with a suitable anti-freeze. Such agents are commercially available and
should be used before the first frost.
pg. 82 Long distance trips
Prior to a long distance trip
Have your car checked at a Volvo dealer. Preventive maintenance will help to ensure a trouble free trip.
Remember to take along a Volvo dealer directory.
The main items to check are listed below:
1. Brakes, front wheel alignment and steering gear.
2. Engine running condition.
3. Fuel system operation.
4. Oil leaks: engine, transmission, rear axle.
5. Cooling system for leaks or worn hoses.
6. Examine tires carefully, replace worn tires.
7. Battery and terminals.
8. Tool equipment.
file:///K|/ownersdocs/1981/81_dl_gl_glt/81DLGLGLT_03c.htm (6 of 12)12/22/2006 10:28:44 PM